The Prophet’s Perfect Knowledge:
The Messenger of Allah was endowed with broad knowledge and deep understanding; Allah showered him with an abundance of beneficial knowledge and announced the magnitude of his virtue by saying: [Allah has revealed unto you scripture and wisdom, and taught you what you knew not. The grace of Allah upon you has been great] [4:113].
He is the most knowledgeable of Allah’s creation, and the most well-acquainted of them with Allah; al-Bukhārī and Muslim narrated that he said, ‘The most god-fearing (atqā) of you, and the most knowledgeable (a’lam) of you concerning Allah, is I’. The narration of Asīlī has it, ‘I am the most well-acquainted (a’raf) of you with Allah.’
One aspect of the breadth of his knowledge is that Allah gave him the Qur’ān, with all the teachings and truths that are gathered therein. The Qur’ān is an ocean of knowledge and wisdom; and ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib said, ‘If I spoke to your about surat al-Fātiha, it would over-burden seventy camels. What, then, of the knowledge of our Master Muhammad, and the understanding that the Qur’ān imparted unto him?
Another aspect of the breadth of his knowledge is the many aspects of the unseen that Allah imparted unto him. Allah says, [He is] the Knower of the unseen, and He discloses His secrets to none/save a Messenger whom He has chosen] [72:26]. Allah divulged many aspects of the unseen to him, including his knowledge of everything from the beginning of creation until the people enter Paradise and the people of Hell enter Hell.
This is affirmed by the Hadith narrated by al-Bukhārī on the authority of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb, in which he said, “The Messenger of Allah stood before us and informed us of everything from the beginning of creation until the people of Paradise enter Paradise, and the people of Hell enter Hell. Some of us remembered it, and some of us forgot it.”
Excepts from Muhammad the Perfect Man by Sayyid Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani.
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